Open Seminar

Vol. 1.

The 'Great Qing Empire' as the Manchu Dynasty: Imperial Rule and the International Order

  • Date: 28th September 2018, 17:00 - 19:00
  • Venue: Conference Room NB01, 3rd Floor, Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, The University of Tokyo
  • Speaker: Kiyohiko Sugiyama (Graduate School and College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
  • Discussant: Fuyuko Matsukata (Historiographical Institute, The University of Tokyo)

The Qing Dynasty (1636-1912) is generally regarded as the "last imperial dynasty of China." Its state structure and foreign relations are understood to be the representative, quintessential model of Chinese dynasty. Actually, the people who built a nation from this dynasty were not Han Chinese, but Manchu (former Jurchen), a Tungusic people from the Manchurian region. The Manchu conquered a vast territory through military force and administrative organization uniting the Manchu, Mongol and Han Chinese, and carried out a multi-ethnic ruling structure. When the Qing Dynasty is perceived not as one of the dynasties of China, but in its aspect as a Manchu-led multi-ethnic empire--we'll call it the "Great Qing Empire"--how should the organization of its imperial rule and its approach to the international order be described?