UN Conduct: From Social to Legal Accountability for Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Peacekeeping Operations(国連のアカウンタビリティ:国連平和活動における性的暴力と搾取―社会的アカウンタビリティから法的アカウンタビリティまで)

  • 日時:2019年8月9日(金)17:00 - 19:00(入場無料|事前登録不要)
  • 場所:東京大学 伊藤国際学術研究センター3階 中教室(The University of Tokyo, Ito International Research Center, 3F, Seminar Room)
  • 報告者:マーシャ・ヘンリー(総合文化研究科、LSE)、キハラハント愛(総合文化研究科) Marsha Henry (Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and Gender Studies, LSE), Ai Kihara-Hunt (Graduate School of Arts and Sciences)
  • 使用言語:英語(一部、日本語)


This seminar will focus on what the UN has done to address issues of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) in peacekeeping operations. Social accountability includes the training and tools introduced for peacekeeping personnel and operations in order to reduce social harms to beneficiaries. While teaching aids and risk assessment tools are meaningful at the interpersonal level, the introduction of Security Council resolutions has also enabled global recognition of the ongoing problems of sexual abuse and harassment within the humanitarian sector. Importantly, the rhetoric used by the UN outline its values goals could be more reflective of contemporary peacekeeper's professional cultures. However, legal accountability remains elusive for victims and survivors. This is partly because the accountability framework is complex and involves a complex series of procedures that need consistent monitoring, including multiple layers of investigation procedures; jurisdictional issues; immunity applications; suitable evidential standards for seeking accountability; judicial cooperation between different entities; protection of victims, witnesses and whistle-blowers; parallel to civil claims, paternity claims, and the UN Victim's Fund. Thus, what are the limits of such accountability measures in achieving social transformation within peacekeeping operations and beyond?